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regional study

 

Tanzania lies geographically directly below the in the north of proceeding equator and one could assume that the climate is continuously hot through the sun standing vertically at the heaven. If one itself in the volcanic altitudes from 1.200. Decides 6.000 meters, one puts fast firmly that one cannot give up a thick blanket already once at night to sleeping!

In the African plateaus and mountains, it can become very frosty at night. Decisive for the climate are the monsoon or trade winds, that blow from two different mainstreams, in Eastafrica. From october / november to march / april, East-Africa lies in the move-area of the north-east-winch (Kaskazi) so that it is very dry and warm in the country.

The winches begin end of May to turn from northeast from south and southeast. Then, the Passat from southeast (Kuzi) goes over the country, that brings much moisture of the Indian Ocean until september. Much moisture in the air doesn't mean immediately also much precipitation for Eastafrica. The intensive sun-radiation evaporates up to 80 percent of the rainwater. In Tanzania`s northwest, there are two rain-season. There is the small rain-time in the time period between November until December and in no way the rain also is promptly, sometimes, he simply also stays out!

There is the big rain-time in the time period between february and may and can assume torrential appearances occasionally. Many roadways softened up in this time and simply impassable and the national-parks therefore are closed temporarily.

The main geological appearance became through millions of years of tectonic plate-movements of the earth's crust and created also volcanic activities consequently. The most evident in East-Africa probably is the big trans-African ditch-break.

Gigantic basalt-blankets and volcano-cones set off against end of the Teritärs (Pliozän) and these processes of flatten-tectonic and volcanic activities continue until today. The Diversität of the whole country is determined by 0 to 6000 meters by the height-differences. The northwest Tanzanias as far as in the south to South Africa, that Simbawe, becomes through the Eastern Great Rift Valley, the big ditch-break - Great Rift Valley, passed through. This prominent Erdriss finds his highest edge of 700 meters directly of the brine is the Lake Manyara Nationalpark and his steep hillside with bush and shrubbery and numerous trees grown over. The Ngorongoro Conservation Area, a huge game-protection-preserve stretches reserve, a massif from volcano-mountain, over the Northern Highlands forest for itself. High volcano-veterans from until to 3.185 meters, as the Lolmalasin, bring climatic contrasts to the remaining country. The mountains stretch in the heart of the Northern Circuit Tanzanias, that a system of important and big national-parks like the Serengeti, the Tarangiere and the Kilimanjaro and that big Ngorongoro Conservation Area are. Each of these national-parks and game-protectorates primarily has yield a huge area of the naturalness and the game-hikes for itself its own meaning, however through the connection-bridges of numerous small game-protectorates.

The big African game-types of animal are nomads mainly in the change of the extreme yearly-weathers of different rain-times, but always a very distinctive and demanding dry-time.

It always is the dry-time, that leads too big hikes, the track of the rain following. The track, on which the big herds hike, is the grass. Grass is the energy-supplier, who looks after most land animals on the earth. This extremely serviceable plant is eaten, steps on and covers with manure and nevertheless she shows an unbelievable will to growing, still before the first raindrop, that always directly the vehement thunderstorms follow.

The gigantic Nyika. plateau is East-Africa's biggest level and stretches as far as in the southern savannas Tanzanias from the northern desert-region in North-Kenya. The name "nyika" is called so much like "desolate country" and comes from from the sparse grew over of the area, the mainly from thorny bushes exists. This big area is continuously hot and also dry.

Quite differently, the area appears exactly at the foot of the ditch-break and then on the high-plateau of the Nogorongoro Conservation Area.

It is the main-region of the agriculture the million year of scattered volcano-ashes and also the weather-appearance into Tanzania and this from the extremely fertile ground touches, that here and for the Serengeti following in the northwest, a far prolonged grass-surface, their biggest effect shows. It is the interaction between dryness and rain, that directs more or less to a regular rhythm.

The high-plateau from 2000 meters also has additionally also a good dew-effect in the nights and causes an evergreen picture of the freshness consequently. Completely, the Ngorongoro Crater is marked for this luck of the enough moisture, that provides also sufficient plant-growth consequently. Only quite little of this for example Sometimes leave 25.000 big-animals on the grounds of the Caldera him in irregular distances. The landscape, that is a small copy of the wide Serengeti, turned 1957 from Prof. Bernhard Grzimek as "one of the world-miracles" marks and is protected as World Heritage site since then. The Caldera is on 2000 meters over normally zero and her circulation-finish edge sticks out over 600 meters into the height once again. Here above and also, it can freeze in the other areas of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Serengeti Plains already once at night in July and Augusts.

In the north of the Ngorongoro Conservation Area densely at the border to Kenya lies soda with his very big flamingo-populations the strongly alkaline brine. South of this lake, in the brine soda Controlled Game Area, God's still active mountain towers into the heaven. It is, the Oldoyno Lengai is the Massai God's seat and it quite no matter, whether this God male or also female is spoken to, because he stands on this earth for all created one. With 2960 meters of height, this active one and in his particular type of the lava an unique volcano are on the earth. He blows very often his mineral-containing ash in the heaven and the north-east-wind carries him far over the grass-level of the Serengeti. It rise the recipe good growth to one after long, hard dry-times. The Serengeti, the wide level refined from the depth of the earth before millions of years through a gigantic magma-blister, quite so similarly as also other levels in Eastafrica.

Eastafrica, Tanzania will tread wide new paths in future. Into these directions of the new ways still points on the denationalization, but also liberalization of the economy.

The entscheidene democratization through denationalization and, to then bring about also an economics of the company, without to neglect the ecologically important, in order to still maintain the for a long time lasting peace in Tanzania, it is very difficult, but however possibly!

Tanzania has set itself already clear goals long ago, that appear quite differently on the stage of the developments, as it from the neighbor-countries like Uganda, or recognizing Kenya is. It is like an equally-thigh-calculation of a triangle which appear mutually to itself as very important, but itself however in the basic rule regularly repels.

Uganda, Tanzania and Kenya are three important countries in East-Africa, that could be more differently not at all, although they are however very East-African same.

Tanzania is wa Tanzania, on English university-Ted Republic of Tanzania, Jamhuri ya Muungano officially in Swahili on German unified republic Tanzania.

Tanzania includes, Tanganjika, Zansibar (existing from the islands Unguja Iceland [earlier Zansibar] and Pemba) as well as Mafia, borders the mainland-part in the northwest on Burundi and Rwanda, in the north at Uganda (partially border-course of the Victoria-lake), in the northeast at Kenya, in the east at the Indian ocean, in the south at Moçambique, in the southwest at Malawi and Zambia, in the west at the democratic republic Congo (border-course of the Tanganyikasee).

Tanzania is not annährend with as many different raw materials as Uganda blessed. Tanzania had after day of his autonomy in the year 1964 the years of the socialism. It was the years of the resignation, the feeling of a not-independence, evoked through excessive state regulations. However, it was also the years of the experiences, the realizations, that can still provide a peace under the 134 different cultures. The country of the big national-parks and researches, a peaceful existence has had for over 50 years and would like to also get it for the distant future. Nevertheless, the mobilization of the further activation of the economic viability of the country will stride ahead only slowly. Almost all people must for one more or less welfare likewise fights. It is a curse every day, because important investments, like which the infrastructural, comes only slowly in trip, because there is again and again of moneys a lack and also goal-just supports and also impulse-fundings of support-organizations.

Tanzania is a very poor country, nevertheless it is a very well positioned country in East-Africa through politics and company. The government brings many important decisions for the infrastructure, the economics and they had manifested in their program that surface-covering school-possibilities are very important for children. To this, however, it will be important for the future of the country to shape the entire school attendance gratuitously also after the Primery School, continuing the Secondary School, for the children.

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